1) Where did Gandhi famously march? Why?
He marched 241 miles on foot from his village to the sea.
2) What law was Gandhi openly defining?
Gandhi was openly defying the British Salt Law.
3) Why were 100,000 people sent to jail?
People all over India were making salt illegally.
4) Who did India want independence from? Explain what imperialism is in your own words.
India’s independence from Britain. The definition of imperialism is the practice of a larger country or government growing stronger by taking over poorer or weaker countries that have important resources.
5) What is ahimsa? Explain why Gandhi was an advocate for ahimsa?
Ahimsa (non-violence), which is “absence of the desire to kill or harm.” All beings are fond of life; they like pleasure and hate pain, shun destruction and like to live, they long to live. To all, life is dear”. Ahimsa is a way of living and thinking which respects this deeply.
6) List 4 religions that Gandhi ‘practiced’ or supported? Why do you think Gandhi speaking positively about so many religions was good for his campaign and popularity?
Gandhi was both religious (he was Hindu) and open-minded, and saw the different religions as paths to the same goal. He was inspired by the teachings of Jesus, in particular the emphasis on love for everyone, even one’s enemies, and the need to strive for justice. He also took from Hinduism the importance of action in one’s life, without concern for success; the Hindu text Bhagavad-Gita says, “On action alone be thy interest, / Never on its fruits / Abiding in discipline perform actions, / Abandoning attachment / Being indifferent to success or failure.”
7) Complete the following sentence; “the spirit of non-violence sprang from…” What do you think this means?
For Gandhi, ahimsa was the expression of the deepest love for all humans, including one’s opponents; this non-violence therefore included not only a lack of physical harm to them, but also a lack of hatred or ill-will towards them. Gandhi rejected the traditional dichotomy between one’s own side and the “enemy;” he believed in the need to convince opponents of their injustice, not to punish them, and in this way one could win their friendship and one’s own freedom.
8) What is Satyagraha? What were its two goals? (If you have to look this up elsewhere to ensure it makes sense for you- please do that.)
Gandhi’s main tactic in his fight against the British was what he called Satyagraha, which means “Soul-Force” or “The power of truth.” Gandhi developed Satyagraha as the practical extension of ahimsa and love; it meant standing firmly behind one’s ideals, but without hatred. The other element of Satyagraha, non-cooperation with evil, consisted of pulling out all support for an unjust system, such as the British rule of India.
9) When did India become independent?
India became independent in 1947.
10) What happened on the eve of India’s independence?
Widespread distrust and hatred was growing between Hindus and Muslims and, on the eve of India’s independence, riots erupted all over India. The country became a bloodbath, in which it was estimated that a million lives were lost. Many believed that Gandhi’s non-violence had failed.
11) Do you think what Gandhi did was honorable and just? Do you think he could have accomplished the same or better by working through violence?
Yes, because he didn’t want to see any violence. I don’t believe he wouldn’t have gotten anything done with violence; it would have made the problem bigger and a lot more would have gotten killed.
12) What movement in the U.S.A. was inspired by Gandhi’s work?
Civil Rights. Martin Luther King.
13) Do some additional research, how long did Gandhi fast for? Why did he fast? What did it accomplish?
1924- 3 weeks
1933- 3 weeks
There was another one for 5 days…
14) Do some additional research, what happened to Gandhi? How did he die?
A man, who had a different opinion than him, killed him.